AngularJS and Electronic Health Records
|Photocredit AngularJS @ github and jfcherry @ flikr (Images altered)
For health professionals, the bottom line is that AngularJS makes browsers powerful and can perform some of the tasks that are traditionally relegated to the server. So how is it going to improve our EMRs? During my student days, I have seen a popular regional EMR with a dismal user-interface. I have also seen a health analytics platform with more than 100 dropdowns on a single page. I have seen doctors returning to paper after failed EMR experiments. I have seen regional clinical viewers reeling under usability concerns. Can angularJS make any difference?
A tool cannot change everything. Angular as a tool is not going to be a panacea. But the concept may change the way we think and organize our electronic health record systems. The traditional way of seeing EMRs as data-centric models was rejected by us, health professionals. Blame it on technology averse senior doctors or blame it on the inefficient healthcare system not learning from banks and airline industry, the fact is, eHealth failed to deliver! Will a new version with an improved interface change this? Unlikely!
EHealth has to accommodate our workflow, not the other way round. Because EMR is the tool, not us, physicians!
I know this is not my idea, and we have discussed this here before. How can AngularJS change this?
AngularJS could effectively separate presentation from storage. Our data scientists could work on the data layer (let me call it enterprise EHR) and concentrate on interoperability and population health. Our interface experts could work on the presentation layer customizing it for each department and each doctor, accommodating their workflow. (Let me call it Bring Your Own EMR #BYOE). We need a glue to bring both sides together. My vote is for JSON/REST in the short term and RDF in the long term.
I am a huge fan of reverse innovation, and I am excited to see initiatives such as http://www.bahmni.org/ building AngularJS based customization layer on top of OpenMRS.org. True open source projects such as OpenMRS foster innovation (reverse or not).. It should open the eyes of others calling themselves open-source without being truly open! (Well.. that is another story..)